1. Food

Food Reference Charts

Quickly find information about cooking times, temperatures, weight and volume conversions in these convenient reference charts.

Boiling Point of Water at Various Altitudes
As your altitude increases, the boiling point of water decreases. Check your altitude to see if you are cooking at a lower temperature than expected.

Nut Nutritional Comparison Chart
Most nuts are high in fiber, protein, and healthy fats. But how do nuts compare side by side? Use this quick reference chart to compare the nutritional content of common nuts.

The Scoville Scale
The Scoville Scale is a system for rating the perceived heat of a pepper or food based on the level of capsaicin it contains.

Turkey Thawing Time Chart
Preparing roasted turkey takes time and preparation. Use this handy chart to determine how much time is needed to thaw a frozen turkey to have it perfectly prepared on time.

Turkey Roasting Time Table
Prepare to make a perfect roasted turkey this holiday season by knowing how long the turkey must cook in order to reach a safe internal temperature. Use this reference chart to determine the roasting time for stuffed and unstuffed turkeys.

Tea Brewing Times and Temperatures
Every type of tea has an optimum brewing time and temperature. Use this reference chart to find out how to make the best tea possible.

Candy Making Temperatures and Stages of Hardness
A quick reference table of candy making temperature ranges and stages of hardness.

Smoking Points of Fats & Oils
Each type of fat and oil has a unique smoke point, or the temperature at which the oil begins to smoke. This table lists the smoke point for various cooking fats and oils.

Composition of Dietary Fats by Percent Saturation
A breakdown of dietary fats by type and percent saturation.

Yeast Conversions
Use this quick reference conversion chart to determine how much yeast to use when you don't have the variety of yeast listed in a recipe.

Minimum Internal Cooking Temperatures
Keep your food safe and protect yourself from foodborne illness by consulting the FDA recommended minimum internal cooking temperatures.

Volume Conversions
Volume conversions are an important step when doubling or halving a recipe. Get a complete chart of volume conversions in imperial units as well as information on converting between imperial and metric units.

Weight Conversions
Weight conversions are an important step when doubling or halving a recipe. Get a complete chart of metric and imperial weight conversions as well as a list of key conversions.

Egg Size Conversions
Convert the number of eggs a recipe calls for into a different sized egg and maintain the same volume.

Can Sizes & Equivalents
Many recipes specify a can size rather than a volume amount. This chart will also come in handy to determine how much to buy.

Alcohol Burn-Off Chart
The following chart data comes from the U.S. Department of Agriculture with information on how much alcohol remains in your food with specific cooking methods.

Chile Pepper Heat Scoville Scale
Wondering how to rate the heat level of various types of chile peppers? Peppers are rated based on Scoville Units, a method developed by Wilbur Scoville in 1912.

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